In criminal lawkidnapping is the unlawful asportation and confinement of a person against his or her will. … It can also be defined as false imprisonment by means of abduction, both of which are separate crimes that when committed simultaneously upon the same person merge as the single crime of kidnapping

Kidnapping under the IPC is of two types:

  1. Kidnapping from India
  2. Kidnapping from lawful guardianship

Kidnapping from India:

It is an offence when someone conveys any person beyond the limits of India without the consent of that person or the consent of some person legally authorized to consent on his behalf.

Kidnapping from lawful guardianship:

It is under Section – 361 of the IPC. The offence arises when a minor under sixteen years of age (if male) or under eighteen years of (if female), or nay person of unsound mind, is taken or enticed out of the keeping of the lawful guardian without the consent of the guardian.


As per Section 362 of the IPC, whoever by force compels, or by any deceitful means induces, any person to go from any place, is said to abduct that person.


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