Question Tag :
A Tag Question is a grammatical structure in which a declarative statement or an imperative is turned into interrogative fragment
The two basic rules about tag questions are:
✔If the statement is negative, the tag must be positive. If the statement is positive the tag must be negative.
✔The tense of the tag is determined by the tense of the auxiliary/modal verb of the statement that precedes it.
Example: Shivani sought my help, didn’t she?
Rahul never drinks coffee, does he?
Sentence Question tag
We shall win – shan’t we?
They will return – Won’t they?
Geetha won’t accept this – will she?
You must keep the word – mustn’t you?
Eyes don’t lie – do they?
Nobility lies in humility – doesn’t it?
I am right – aren’t I/ ain’t I?
There is a library – isn’t there?
There are some boys – aren’t there?
Somebody has called – haven’t they?
One should love one’s country – shouldn’t they/one?
Wait a minute – will you?
Let’s go to the beach – shall we?
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IF – Conditions:
There are four basic types of conditional sentences in the English language. Each type has two parts – the main clause and the if clause.
- Zero conditional
The zero conditional describes situations that are always true. If has the same meaning as when or whenever.
Examples: If I go to school, I get up at seven.
If you park your car on double yellow lines, you pay a fine
- First Conditional
The first conditional refers to the present or future. First conditional sentences are used to speculate about possible situations that can really happen.
Examples: If he studies hard, he will pass the exams.
If we catch the train, we will arrive on time.
- Second Conditional
The second conditional also refers to the present or future. In second conditional sentences we speculate about situations that will probably never happen.
Example: If I had more time, I would help you
If I won a million dollars, I would start a business of my own
The first conditional versus the second conditional
The main difference between the first and second conditional is about probability: the first conditional is realistic, the second conditional is unrealistic.
Sometimes we can use either the first or second conditional with the following difference in meaning.
( likely to happen in the present)
( unreal, not likely to happen in the present, hypothetical)
Impossible (past unfulfilled)
|1||If you teach music, they will learn it.||If you taught music, they would learn it.||If you had taught music, they would have learnt it.|
|2||The students will leave the school if the peon rings the bell.||The students would leave the school, if the peon rang the bell.||They students would have left the school if the peon had rung the bell.|
|3||It I am the principal, I can dismiss the student.||If I were the principal, I could dismiss him.||If I had been the principal, I could have dismissed him.|
|4||If she has a car, she will drive it.||If she had a car, she would drive it.||If she had dad a car, she would have driven it.|
|5||Unless you beat the dog, it won’t bite you.||Unless you beat the dog, it wouldn’t bite you.||Unless you had beaten the dog, it wouldn’t have bitten you.|
|6||(If) should you drink alcohol, you will lose health.||(If) should you drink alcohol, you would lose health.||Had you drunk alcohol, you would have lost health.|