Introduction:

Question Tag :

Tag Question is a grammatical structure in which a declarative statement or an imperative is turned into interrogative fragment

The two basic rules about tag questions are:

✔If the statement is negative, the tag must be positive. If the statement is positive the tag must be negative.

✔The tense of the tag is determined by the tense of the auxiliary/modal verb of the statement that precedes it.

Example: Shivani sought my help, didn’t she?

Rahul never drinks coffee, does he?

Examples:

Sentence                                                     Question tag

We shall win                                         –            shan’t we?

They will return                                   –            Won’t they?

Geetha won’t accept this                    –            will she?

You must keep the word                     –            mustn’t you?

Eyes don’t lie                                         –            do they?

Nobility lies in humility                      –             doesn’t it?

I am right                                               –            aren’t I/ ain’t I?

There is a library                                  –            isn’t there?

There are some boys                           –            aren’t there?

Somebody has called                           –            haven’t they?

One should love one’s country          –            shouldn’t they/one?

Wait a minute                                       –            will you?

Let’s go to the beach                            –            shall we?

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IF – Conditions:

There are four basic types of conditional sentences in the English language. Each type has two parts – the main clause and the if clause.

  1. Zero conditional

The zero conditional describes situations that are always true. If has the same meaning as when or whenever.

Examples: If I go to school, I get up at seven.

If you park your car on double yellow lines, you pay a fine 

  1. First Conditional

The first conditional refers to the present or future. First conditional sentences are used to speculate about possible situations that can really happen.

Examples: If he studies hard, he will pass the exams.

If we catch the train, we will arrive on time.

  1. Second Conditional

The second conditional also refers to the present or future. In second conditional sentences we speculate about situations that will probably never happen.

Example: If I had more time, I would help you

If I won a million dollars, I would start a business of my own

The first conditional versus the second conditional

The main difference between the first and second conditional is about probability: the first conditional is realistic, the second conditional is unrealistic.

Sometimes we can use either the first or second conditional with the following difference in meaning.

Example:

Sl.

No

Probable

( likely to happen in the present)

Improbable

( unreal, not likely to happen in the present, hypothetical)

Impossible (past unfulfilled)

1If you teach music, they will learn it.If you taught music, they would learn it.If you had taught music, they would have learnt it.
2The students will leave the school if the peon rings the bell.The students would leave the school, if the peon rang the bell.They students would have left the school if the peon had rung the bell.
3It I am the principal, I can dismiss the student.If I were the principal, I could dismiss him.If I had been the principal, I could have dismissed him.
4If she has a car, she will drive it.If she had a car, she would drive it.If she had dad a car, she would have driven it.
5Unless you beat the dog, it won’t bite you.Unless you beat the dog, it wouldn’t bite you.Unless you had beaten the dog, it wouldn’t have bitten you.
6(If) should you drink alcohol, you will lose health.(If) should you drink alcohol, you would lose health.Had you drunk alcohol, you would have lost health.

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