Cloze Test is primarily meant to test a candidate’s knowledge of comprehension with regard to grammar, usage and vocabulary. The examinees are required to make a choice from multiple alternatives for each word to be filled in the black, not in a sentence, but in a passage. The blanks are numbered which are to be filled in with the most suitable alternative.
Cloze Test – Strategies
- Read the whole passage to identify the theme
- Identify the tone of the author positive, negative, neutral can be deduced from the word choice
- Fill the blanks keeping the context, tone and grammatical aspects in mind
In each of the following passages, every blank is numbered distinctly and option for the blanks are given against corresponding numbers. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word from the options given:
Around the world, forests are being destroyed at a rate of about thirteen million hectares a year and deforestation accounts for an estimated 17% – 20% of all global emissions. In addition, forests and other terrestrial carbon sinks play a …1… role in preventing runaway climate change, soaking up a full 2.6 Gt of atmospheric carbon every year. The destruction of forests, therefore, not only emits carbon – a staggering 1.6 Gt a year, which severely…2… forests’ capacity to absorb emissions from other sources – but also drastically …3… the amount of forested land available to act as a carbon sink in the future.
However, the effects of deforestation extend beyond carbon. Rainforests …4… a wide variety of ecosystems services, form regulation rainfall to purifying groundwater and keeping fertile soil from …5…; deforestation in one area can seriously damage food production and …6… to clean water in an entire region. The value of global ecosystem services has been. estimated at 33 trillion USD each year (almost half of global GDP), but these services have been taken for granted without a mechanism to make the market reflect their value. Rainforests are also a home and …7… of income for a huge number of people in Africa, Asia, and South America …8… this, economic pressures frequently drive both local communities and national governments in the developing world to …9… these forests in ways that are unsustainable, clear-cutting vast areas for fuel, timber, mining, or agricultural land.