vice president (in British English: vice-president for governments and director for businesses) is an officer in government or business who is below a president (managing director) in rank. The name comes from the Latin vice meaning “in place of”.  In some countries, the vice president is called the deputy president. In everyday speech, the abbreviation VP can be used.


  • There shall be a vice-President of India[Article 63].

Required Qualification

  • Must be a citizen of India.
  • Completed 35 years of age
  • Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha
  • Must not hold any Government post. Exceptions are the posts of:
  1. President and Vice-President
  2. Government of any State
  3. Minister of Union/State
  • Should also be eligible for election to Rajya Sabha


  • He is elected by members of both Houses at Joint Session by Secret Ballot in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote.
  • States play no role in his election.

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Terms and Emoluments

  • 5 years term
  • The emolument of the Vice-President is Rs. 1,25,000/- per month
  • He is entitle to such emoluments, allowances, and privileges as may be determined by the Parliament by law [2nd Schedule].


  • By resolution of the RS, passed by a majority of all the members of the House and agreed to by a majority of the I.S.
  • This resolution needs 14 days prior notice. Moreover, it is different from the resolution required removal of the President because it can be moved only in the RS


  • Ex-offcio chairman of the Rajya Sabha. He presides over meetings but is not a member, i.e., he has no right to vote.

In the absence of President, VP acquires his powers and immunities.

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