Introduction:

Constitution is a body of rules and regulations which regulates the affairs between the individuals and the state. It means the Constitution lays down the provisions regarding the distribution of powers among three organs [i.e., the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary] and the Union or Central and Regional or State Governments in a federation. In other words, fundamental law of the land is the Constitution.

An introductory and expressionary statement in a document that explains the document’s purpose and underlying philosophy is termed as “PREAMBLE”.

The Preamble to our Constitution serves two purposes:-

  1. It indicates the source from which the Constitution derives its authority;
  2. It also states the objects, which the Constitution seeks to establish and promote.

The Preamble seeks to establish what Mahatma Gandhi described as The Indian of my Dream, and the preamble of Indian Constitution says:

“WE, PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and secure to all its citizens:

  • JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
  • LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
  • EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
  • FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the Unity and integrity of the Nation

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this 29th day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, INFACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

“The beauty of Indian Constitution is that the entire structure of the country is based thereupon. It is the very pillar upon which the democracy of India stands.”

Meaning:

Sovereign – The State has all the powers in itself and is independent, uninfluenced by any other country  or group of countries.

Socialist – The social order in India shall not be exploitative.

Secular – The State itself has no religion and it respects all faiths.

Democratic – The polity shall be based on Universal Adult Franchise.

 

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