Introduction:

The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

The President is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the Legislative Assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected. The office-holder serves for a term of five years; there are no term limits. The oath of the President is taken in the presence of the Chief Justice of India, and in their absence, by the most senior judge of the Supreme Court of India.

Article 52 provides that there shall be a President of India.

Required Qualifications

  • Must be a citizen of India.
  • Completed 35 years of age
  • Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha
  • Must not hold any Government post. Exceptions are the posts of:
  1. President and Vice-President
  2. Government of any State
  3. Minister of Union/State

How elected?

  • Elected through an ‘Electoral College’ consisting of elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the States, except those of Delhi and Puducherry.
  • Only the supreme court has jurisdiction to entertain disputes regarding President’s Election.
  • Takes oath from the Chief Justice of India, or in his absence from senior-most Judge of Supreme Court.

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Terms and Emoluments

  • 5 years term
  • There is no upper limit on the number of times a person can become President.
  • Can give resignation to Vice-President. Emolument Rs.1,50,000/- per month.

Impeachment

  • Quasi-Judicial procedure
  • Can be impeachment only on the ground of ‘Violation of Constitution’
  • The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either House of the Parliament.

Vacancy

  • In case his office falls vacant due to death, resignation or removal, the Vice-President shall act as President. If Vice-President in not available then Chief Justice, if even he is not available, then senior-most Judge of the Supreme Court shall act as the President of India
  • The election is to be held within 6 months from the date of vacancy.

Powers

  • He is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces if India

Can summon and prorogue the sessions of the two houses and can dissolve Lok Sabha

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