Article-214 of the Constitution provides that there shall be a High Court for each State of the Indian Union. The Parliament is empowered to establish a common High Court for two or more States and to extend the jurisdiction of a High Court to a Union Territory.
Appointment of Judges:
The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the Governor of the State concerned.
The procedure for appointing other judges is the same except that the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned is also consulted.
Qualifications for the Judges:
(a) He should be a citizen of India.
(b) He should have been (I) a judge for 10 years of Subordinate court under the Judicial Service of the State or (ii) an Advocate for 10 years in a High Courts in India (Article 217).
Originally the age of the retirement of the judges of the High Courts was fixed at 60 but it was raised to 62 in 1963 according to the 15th amendment of the Constitution.
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Removal of the Judges:
A judge may leave his office by resigning. He will send his letter of resignation to the President. His office would be considered to have been vacated if he is appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court or is transferred to some other High Court. A judge of a High Court may also be removed like a judge of the Supreme Court. A judge of High Court may be removed by the President if the Parliament passes a motion against him by an absolute majority and 2/3rd majority of the members present and voting, both the Houses sitting separately.
The pay of the Chief Justice of a High Court is rupees 90,000/- per month and that of the other judges is rupees 85,000/- per month.