Career Planning : Manage your learning and development
Career planning and development is a unique process to each person that determine their skills and interests, what career best suits their talents, and what skills and training they need for their chosen career. By making a career plan, people can focus on what they want to do in their professional life and how to get there, and when they are ready to develop their resume, they will have a better understanding of their skills and experiences to discuss with potential employers.
Career planning shows a path to manage your life, learning and your work. No matter whether you are still at school, a school leaver, just starting work or changing career, adding skills and continuously learning throughout your working life, either on or off the job, helps you to move between different roles and workplaces. There are a few factors that contribute to your career development, such as personal preferences, circumstances, your age and your stage of life. The community you live in and the economic and social environment also influence your learning and work opportunities and choices. Let’s have a look on the four step process to start a career planning:
- Knowing Yourself
- Finding Out
- Making Decisions
- Taking Action
Step 1 – Knowing Yourself:
Knowing what you value in your work and your life as you move through your career will help you to manage your work in your life. Before you make a career plan, you must assess your current situation:
- Where do I start? Think about where you are at, where you want to go and how you are going to get there.
- What are my interests? Explore your work interests.
- What are my skills? Explore your abilities.
- What is important now? Clarify what is important to you in your work and your life.
- What else do I need to think about? Think about the other factors that will affect your work and learning decisions.
Step 2 – Finding Out:
Find out the specific skills and requirements for each occupation or job, you are interested in. That will help you to make sure you have chosen a right career path for youself.
- What are the daily tasks and duties?
- What are the working conditions?
- What are the personal requirements?
- What skills and training do I need?
- What career paths are available?
- Where is the work?
- How do I find out more about my preferred occupations?
Step 3 – Making Decisions:
You reach at step 3 once you have selected your interested occupations and now start researching specific occupations. This step involves comparing your options, narrowing down your choices and thinking about what you need to do next to help you achieve your goals. Ask yourself:
- What are my best work/training options?
- How do they match with my skills, interests and values?
- How do they fit with the current labour market?
- How do they fit with my current situation and responsibilities?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of each option?
- What will help and what will hinder me?
- What can I do about it?
Step 4 – Taking Actions:
Here you plan the steps you need to take to put your plan into action. Use all you have learnt about your skills, interests and values together with the information you have gathered about the world of work to create your plan. Begin by asking yourself:
- What actions/steps will help me achieve my work, training and career goals?
- Where can I get help?
- Who will support me?
At the end of this step you will have a plan to help you explore your options further (eg work experience, work shadowing or more research); or a plan which sets out the steps to help you achieve your next learning or work goal. Decide which step is relevant for you right now and start from there.
Sample Career Plan-
To become a Law Professional
- 10+2 passed from a recognized board for joining an integrated course of 5 years of B.A. LL.B.
- Graduation from recognized university for joining 3 years LL.B. course being run by various universities and law colleges.
- In-depth knowledge of the legal structure of the country and intensive training.
- Alertness of mind, knowledge of human psychology and honesty towards the society.
- General investigation/Research skills.
- problem-solving abilities, writing and analytical skills.
Current skills and interests:
- Passed 10+2 from recognized board with 65% aggregate marks.
- Hard-working, dedication and determination to excel.
- Discipline, sense of responsibility, commitment and self-confidence.
- Impressive verbal communication style.
Plan to reach career goal:
- Qualify law enterance test to secure admission in Integrated Law Course and LL.B. For example: CLAT (Common Law Admission Test), AILET, LSAT, AMU Law Entrance test, DU Law Entrance test etc.
- After obtaining law degree, get registered with State Bar Council (SBC) to practice as a law professional in India.
- After enrolling with the SBC, candidate may pass All India Bar Examination (AIBE). This license is valid upto 5 years in any part or court of India.
- After LL.B., law graduates may start working for law firms, consultancies, corporate houses or may start their own practice.